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Author: Shakir Essa
Get the latest News from the Middle East and East Africa
Author: Shakir Essa
The gunmen were determined to drain every last drop of blood for the land they were being forced to cede in the heart of Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu.
There had already been months of fighting in the surrounding streets as African Union (AU) troops, deployed to bring peace to this most blighted of cities, advanced street by street.
Gunfights at the time had raged for days across narrow alleyways. On one side were soldiers from the Ugandan army, sent as the main component of the AU force. On the other, followers of al-Shabaab, the extremist al-Qa’ida-linked body that had sought to enforce its hard-line interpretation of Islamic law on the city.
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One of their final bastions was Mogadishu stadium, once the centre for Somalia’s national football team. Even when all the surrounding streets in the district had been cleared, the militiamen holed up there refused to surrender – requiring the soldiers to clear it one corridor and one stand at a time.
The devastation this battle caused can be seen in every bullet hole that peppers the structure. At its entrance way, gaping holes mark where shells had struck.
Even after the stadium was cleared, there had been one last shocking surprise. As African Union troops celebrated their victory and wandered inside, there was a gunshot and a soldier fell, shot between the eyes. An al-Shabaab fighter had hidden in a ventilation shaft to secure one last victim.
Qatar comes under scrutiny when the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights received a letter on Monday regarding discrimination from the Qatari Regime. The tribe is not just a small group but rather a well known, powerful and large tribe residing in Qatar.
The Al Ghurfan tribe filed an official complaint to the Arab Federation For Human Rights and requested the federation to refer the complaint to UN Human Rights council about the violations committed by the Qatar regime against its very own members.
The tribe then approached the UN to charge the Qatari Authorities with Human Rights violation because they have been subject to torture, racial discrimination, treated as prisoners, put to death and even denied of their rights to Qatari citizenship and denied to return their homeland when they travelled outside.
The tribe ( Al Ghurfan clan ) have substantial proof of such arbitrary acts to more than 54 members of their tribes. The members of the clan claimed they started facing such treatment ever since they opposed the Qatari regime’s destabilising policies and in relation to the dispute between Qatar’s neighbouring states. They estimate this behaviour from the Qatari authorities to
Qatari authorities had revoked citizenship of another tribe called the Al Murrah tribe, while 6000 members of Al Ghurfan were forcibly displaced, confiscated properties, called for systematic persecution against all clans that belonged to larger tribes such as senior members of the Shaml al-Hawajer tribe and famous poet Mohammed al-Marri belonging to the al-Murrah tribe, majority of the members were deprived of national rights.
The delegation that is representing the tribe has said “Through your unique mandate to promote and protect human rights, we ask your esteemed commission to see and stand up to the suffering of our citizens who have been deprived of their citizenship in Qatar and to the crimes committed against them and to alleviate the conditions and suffering of our displaced people in the villages and deserts of border areas in neighboring countries”
Support from neighbours
Hearing the case of the Al Ghorfan Clan, EOHR also known as the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights announced solidarity in regards to their case and said that the Al Ghorfan tribe makes up about 40 percent of the people of Qatar and are indigenous to the country.
EOHR stated that they believe in universality of human rights principles and need to establish and maintain those rights in the Arab region. With the country’s support they addressed the letter to United Nations High Commissioner the President of the Arab Federation informed the commission to protect the members of the tribes and pursued to restore their lost rights and punish the Qatari regime for the misconduct with their own citizens.
The Tribe received support from the World Aid Organization in New York when they adopted their case and declared their solidarity with the tribe;s case.
The World Aid Organization collectively sought to raise the awareness of the international community and shoulder the tribe with humanitarian support and that it will follow up with them on the status .
The Head of the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights, Hafez Abu Seada “The Egyptian Organization calls upon the High Commissioner for Human Rights, her excellency Mrs. Michel Bachelet, to open an extensive investigation into this tragedy. EOHR also calls upon Mrs. Bachelet to assist it in its efforts to restore the rights of the clan of Al Ghofran as indigenous inhabitants who have been robbed of their nationalities and forcefully displaced enmasse for political reasons, in violation of all international human rights instruments. Finally EOHR expresses its readiness to provide any documents or evidence that the honorable Commission may need in any of the efforts we hope it will take to stop the suffering of the people of forgiveness.”
Dating back to 2017…
The matter on deprivation of unfair detention and unscrupulous behaviours towards tribes was the agenda of the conference held by Qataris that were exiled in London, September. At that time the tribe called on the United Nations Commissioner’s Office and tried to regain their rights.
The tribe described their ordeals to the High Commission and requested them to stand up against the suffering of the citizens who were denied the right to their own homeland and that they would alleviate the conditions of suffering and help them regain their displaced villages.
The requested the council to not only resolve the matter at hand but also create a path where people of the clan did not fear the government and tolerate oppression in silence to protect their parents, relatives back home in Qatar.
The tribe at that time also said the National Human Rights Commission of Qatar was doing more harm then good and becoming an obstacle in receiving justice as the commission of Qatar mostly covers up evidence and spreads false information
Djibouti ‘Shocked’ By Somalia’s Position on Eritrea Sanctions
africatimes| August 1, 2018
Djibouti has formally responded to a recent call by Somalia that United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions on Eritrea be lifted. According to Djibouti it was ‘deeply shocked’ by that position.
Somali president Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed on a three-day official visit to Asmara said the sanctions imposed since 2009 had to be lifted given the current political and diplomatic developments in the Horn of Africa region.
But in a statement in reaction to the Somali president’s view, the Djiboutian Embassy in Somalia wrote in an August 1, 2018 statement:
… it is unacceptable to see our brotherly Somalia supporting Eritrea which is occupying part of our territory and still denying having Djiboutian prisonsers.
“As a sovereign state, there is no doubt that Somalia has the right to establish diplomatic relations with the countries of the region, however, it is unacceptable to see our brotherly Somalia supporting Eritrea which is occupying part of our territory and still denying having Djiboutian prisonsers.”
It continued that the wiser line of action would have been for President Mohamed to call for peaceful resolution of the border crisis that has strained relations between the two neighbours.
The statement accused Somalia of historic less support of Djibouti which it said had led to blinded supported for Eritrea plus an advocacy that Eritrea be free despite its stubborn nature.
“We will not tolerate with ruthless talks while our young men and women are yet here defending Somalia’s peace and stability,” the statement concluded.
Eritrea’s 2009 UN sanctions, Gulf crisis and Doumeira impasse
An arms embargo imposed on Eritrea since 2009 was chiefly to do with its alleged support for Somali insurgent group Al-Shabaab but also because of its agression against Djibouti and refusal to enter any form of mediation over the disputed regions.
The disputed land in question is the Dumeira mountain and Dumeira island which Djibouti claims is being illegally occupied by Eritrea. The issue of Eritrea’s continued holding of Djiboutian prisoners has also been central to the dispute.
The last time tensions between the two came to the fore was in June 2017 when Qatar withdrew its peacekeeping force in the area at the height of the Gulf Crisis. Djibouti at the time accused Asmara of deploying soldiers to the disputed areas.
Djibouti ‘shocked’ by Somalia’s position on Eritrea sanctions
Eritrea has been in the news recently over the peace deal it entered into with neighbouring Ethiopia after two decades of severed ties and hostility over a border ruling. Addis Ababa through PM Abiy accepted to respect the 2002 border ruling and by that agreed to restore all ties with Eritrea.
Abiy signed a five-point end of war agreement with Eritrean leader Isaias Afwerki during a historic visit to Asmara. Afwerki reciprocated the gesture with a three-day visit to Addis Ababa.
La Russie «pour établir la base de Somaliland» comme Poutine complote la suprématie navale
sa carte montre où la Russie veut localiser sa base navale dans une région de plus en plus militarisée par les puissances régionales et mondiales
La base de la base se trouve dans la corne de l’Afrique stratégiquement importante et offrirait la possibilité de projeter de l’énergie à travers le Moyen-Orient et des voies de navigation vers et depuis le canal de Suez.
La RUSSIE prépare une base navale en pleine mutation dans un Etat d’Afrique de l’est en voie d’expansion afin d’étendre considérablement sa puissance militaire au Moyen-Orient, selon des rapports.
Des pourparlers sont en cours entre Moscou et les dirigeants du Somaliland pour une base de 1 500 hommes afin d’aider ses navires de guerre et ses sous-marins chasseurs-chasseurs à opérer dans cette région instable et ses voies maritimes achalandées transportant la plupart des marchandises européennes.
L’emplacement supposé de la base est en dehors de la ville de Zeila, dans la république autoproclamée du Somaliland.
Il est également à la frontière avec Djibouti – à proximité de l’emplacement de la première base à l’étranger de la Chine dans les temps modernes qui a ouvert l’année dernière.
Les Émirats arabes unis construisent également une base militaire à Berbera dans ce qui est – et a toujours été – une position clé pour projeter le pouvoir dans une région instable.
“Les Etats-Unis et la Chine ont tous les deux des installations militaires à Djibouti, et il ne serait pas surprenant que la Russie veuille aussi des installations là-bas.
“La Russie a récemment prolongé son bail sur son installation navale à Tartous en Syrie et le développement d’une installation au Somaliland pourrait être vu comme une tentative de construire une marine d’eau bleue.
“Au cours de la dernière décennie, l’activité navale russe a augmenté dans les océans Atlantique, Méditerranéen et Indien, et ailleurs.”
Dr Foxall a déclaré que la doctrine navale russe, adoptée en 2017, promeut une vision de la marine russe en tant que force mondiale qui restera la deuxième plus puissante marine au monde, après les États-Unis, au cours de la prochaine décennie.
La Russie commande déjà une force navale puissante positionnée dans la mer Baltique
Selon les médias somaliens, Qarannews , la Russie propose un accord où elle reconnaîtra la république sécessionniste du Somaliland en échange d’être autorisée à établir la base.
La base navale compterait 1 500 personnes, des destroyers de service, des frégates et des sous-marins.
Au cours des dix dernières années, la Russie a étendu la portée de sa flotte de la mer Noire.
Dans ce cadre, elle a sécurisé sa base en Crimée en annexant la région à l’Ukraine en 2014 et rétabli une base dans le port syrien de Tartous – grâce au soutien de Poutine au dictateur Bachar al-Assad.
Tout vient au milieu des tensions croissantes avec les puissances occidentales.
Le ministre des Affaires étrangères de Poutine, Sergueï Lavrov, a comparé aujourd’hui le climat politique actuel à la guerre froide.
Les commentaires effrayants sont venus après que les Etats – Unis, la France et le Royaume-Uni ont lancé des frappes sur des sites en Syrie qui auraient été liés aux attaques meurtrières de guerre chimique contre Douma.
Image satellite montrant la base navale syrienne russe dans le port de Tartus la semaine dernière.
Au cours de l’attaque samedi matin, les forces russes basées en Syrie se sont abstenues d’abattre des missiles de croisière avec leurs redoutables unités de défense antiaérienne S-400 qui sont situées à sa base.
En décembre de l’année dernière, Poutine a signé une loi ratifiant un accord permettant à la Russie d’étendre ses opérations à son installation portuaire de Tartus, qui est la seule base navale de Moscou en Méditerranée.
Les travaux de dragage et les nouveaux piliers permettront de loger jusqu’à 11 navires de guerre, ainsi que le plus grand croiseur de cuir russe, le Pyotr Velikiy.
Un navire Alligator-atterrissage a été repéré dans le Bosphore dimanche, alors qu’il était censé se rendre à la base syrienne dimanche.
La semaine dernière, avant l’attaque des missiles, un sous-marin britannique a été pris au piège dans une poursuite tendue de “chat et souris” par les sous-marins russes chasseurs furtifs qui seraient basés à Tartous.
Deux frégates russes et un avion anti-sous-marin auraient été à la recherche du HMS Astute alors qu’il manoeuvrait pour placer ses missiles de croisière Tomahawk à portée des sites chimiques d’Assad.
Plus tôt ce mois-ci, la Royal Navy a ouvert une base, le HMS Jufair, dans le pays du Moyen-Orient de Bahreïn, le premier nouveau port d’outre-mer de Grande-Bretagne depuis un demi-siècle.
SOURCE: Shakir Essa senior journalist Ex-UN news Agency’s
Reporter: Shakir Essa
Riyadh aims to pressure Iran at Arab summit
Syria, Palestine to also figure prominently; Qatar crisis will not be discussed
16:17 April 15, 2018
Riyadh: Saudi Arabia’s push for a tough stand against its arch-rival Iran is expected to dominate an Arab League summit on Sunday as regional tensions grow over the wars in Syria and Yemen.
The fate of occupied Jerusalem will also be on the summit’s agenda, as the United States prepares to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to the occupied city after declaring it the capital of Israel.
Saudi Arabia, which is hosting the yearly summit in the Eastern Province city of Dhahran, is likely to seek Arab support to pile the pressure on Iran, analysts say. “The Saudis are going to push for a much harsher stance on Iran — not necessarily on the nuclear dossier per se, but on Iranian influence in the Arab countries, particularly Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen,” said Karim Bitar of the Paris-based Institute of International and Strategic Affairs.
The Saudis are going to push for a much harsher stance on Iran — not necessarily on the nuclear dossier per se, but on Iranian influence in the Arab countries, particularly Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen.
Iran’s influence is wielded through a land route of armed parties in the Middle East — the so-called “Shiite crescent” that cuts across the Arab world.
Iran has long been a supporter of Bashar Al Assad and backs Lebanon’s Hezbollah movement, whose fighters are deployed in Syria alongside regime forces.
Iran also openly supports the Al Houthi militia in Yemen in their war against the Saudi-backed government.
And in Shiite-dominated Iraq, the Islamic republic backs armed groups and supports the government.
“Saudi Arabia has also reached out to Iraq to try and build ties and tackle militias there,” said Andreas Krieg, assistant professor of defence studies at King’s College London told AFP. “It’s definitely safe to say that Iran is the centrepiece of this summit.”
The summit will be attended by delegations from 21 of the Arab League’s 22-member states. Syria has been suspended from the organisation for seven years over Al Assad’s crackdown on protesters.
It comes as Saudi Arabia on Saturday expressed its full support for US-led strikes on Syrian regime military installations, saying they were a response to “regime crimes” against civilians.
“Saudi Arabia fully supports the strikes launched by the United States, France and Britain against Syria because they represent a response to the regime’s crimes,” a foreign ministry statement said.
Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states have been key backers of Syrian opposition groups fighting Al Assad.
The summit is expected to release a statement on the suspected toxic gas attack, but it remains to be seen whether the Arab League will take any action as well.
Syria serves today as a major pivot between Saudi Arabia and its allies on the one hand, and Iran and Hezbollah on the other.
Each party in the conflict backs opposing sides but all agree that the country’s future cannot be decided solely by the Al Assad regime, whose troops have regained territory with Russia’s support.
“Certain regional powers previously determined to bring down the Syrian regime — particularly Saudi Arabia and Turkey — have now accepted the status quo, that Al Assad is staying,” Bitar said.
“Bashar’s Iranian patrons are also very well aware that their protege cannot run the show on his own and they are starting to accept the premise that they will have to negotiate spheres of influence in Syria territories”.
Not on the table at the summit, according to Krieg, is Qatar, cut off from its Gulf allies over accusations of ties to Iran and support for Islamist extremists. On the eve of the summit, Saudi Foreign Minister Adel Al Jubeir confirmed as much, saying a solution for Qatar would be found within the six-state Gulf Cooperation Council.
The summit also comes after 33 Palestinians were killed and hundreds wounded at the hands of Israeli occupation forces in mass protests along the Gaza border in recent weeks.
The protests are to continue until mid-May, around the time Washington is to move its embassy to occupied Jerusalem, which both Palestinians and Israelis claim as their capital.
Senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi has said she hopes the summit will lead to a resolution, and concrete action, supporting the Palestinian position on occupied Jerusalem.
Author source: Shakir Essa
A Senior Journalist and writer, Ex- UN news agency in #Africa, all views are my own. The Voice of voiceless
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Recognition of Somaliland – claiming our rightful place within the community of nations.
We are confident we will achieve our goal and we will never relinquish our rightful demand for international recognition. The sooner that aspiration is fulfilled, the better it will be for everybody in the region and the world at large
Author sources:Shakir Essa
SeniorJournalist and writer, Ex- UN news agency in #Africa, all views are my own. The Voice of voiceless